Given the lack of experience of China in addressing betterment and compensation, it is highly
desirable to gain an understanding of international experiences. The purposes of this chapter are to
highlight some techniques adopted in other countries and to explore their potential applicability in
China. In reading about national experiences from different countries, the author has been struck by
the differences in national responses and the diversity of approaches. Britain has played the
leading role in land value capture across the world, and it is well known for its volatile policies
and various attempts to deal with compensation and betterment. While the whole emphasis of the
Labour government was on preventing landowners benefiting from the ‘unearned increment’ in land by
means of national taxes, the Conservative Party went to the other extreme and simply abolished them
during the 1960s and 1970s (Hallett, 1985). In the USA, by the end of the 1960s, ‘unearned
increment’seemed to arouse no concern at all, and correspondingly, no compensation was payable to
owners whose property lost value as the result of a planning decision (Delafons, 1969).
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