Sexual strategies theory notes that biological differences between the way in which men and women reproduce have evolved differences in preferred mating strategies. The problem with these strategies is that they may no longer be appropriate to use in the modern business world, despite their adaptive value in ancient times. In other words, there is a mismatch between the environment of evolutionary adaptedness and the modern world. According to error management theory, men are more concerned about missing a sexual opportunity than they are about being rejected in response to an approach. They may also be rewarded for taking risks. These preferences may lead men to approach women who do not really want to be approached and engage in behaviors that reference their power, status, or wealth and can readily be termed sexual harassment. Testosterone may play a role in facilitating sexual harassment by contributing to a self-reinforcing status-sexual desire positive feedback loop.
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