Chapter 5 seeks to explore the current legal framework in the sphere of criminal law and its role in combatting counterfeiting and falsification of medicines in the EU. The historical reasons for lack of harmonization of criminal law at EU level are explored. A clear link between organized crime and counterfeiting and falsification of medicines was established in Chapter 2 and this chapter examines the legal framework in the light of the gaps identified in Chapter 2. The Medicrime Convention, a Council of Europe initiative, is analysed in context of its potential to contribute towards criminal enforcement in the EU, especially in terms of combatting CFM. Thereafter, the role of Europol, Eurojust and the new EPPO is analysed. Lastly, the role of WGEO, an informally organized body under the auspices of HMA, is also examined.
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