Chapter 3 The origin of the crisis. Individualized modernity and the narcissist syndrome
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This chapter outlines all the main features of our anthropological transformation, due to the transition to post-modernity. The democratic malaise is mainly determined by deep changes, strongly desired by Western people for decades, if not for centuries. Those changes produced some perverse effects on every aspect of our lives, and also on our political regime: individualism, loss of social meaning, end of metanarratives, crisis of knowledge, of institutions and of cognitive authorities, narcissism, new conceptions and perceptions of time and space, triumph of the consumeristic syndrome and of the throwaway logic in every area of our lives. All these features are strongly linked among them. All the main characteristics of modernity generated these trends in several different arenas: political, economic, social, cultural, psychological, anthropological. They are many variables all pushing towards the same direction. And that direction has been (and is) well-sustained by new media and technological innovations in recent years.

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