This chapter examines the evolution of liberal democratic approaches to building sustainable communities from the 18th Century to today. The substantial limitations of liberal democratic approaches are noted, especially in the 18th, 19th and first half of the 20th Centuries. But, also noted is the ability of liberal democratic societies to adapt to new challenges, through a post-hoc better understanding of the sources of past challenges and the incorporation of new evidence from social and psychological science research. The emergence of New Institutional Economics (NIE) and New Institutional Sociology (NIS) are viewed as part of this normal process of adjustment to new challenges, in this case post-War War II globalization.
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