This chapter builds on some major moral and philosophical theories from the ancient, medieval, and modern schools that form the foundation of utility analysis. Greek thoughts on happiness had been the foundation for the study of happiness. The thoughts are most linked to ethical aspects although every other aspect, such as political, legal, and philosophical, matter. We start with the Sophist school, with dialectical reasonings about happiness, which were picked up by Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Those ideas are then contrasted with the Cyrenaic, Cynics, Epicureans, and Stoics. A figure is given of the intercorrelation of Greek thoughts on happiness.
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