The Dynamics between Entrepreneurship, Environment and Education
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The Dynamics between Entrepreneurship, Environment and Education

Edited by Alain Fayolle and Paula Kyrö

This book introduces the expanding European dialogue between entrepreneurship, environment and education. It considers the shape, dimensions and horizon of this multidisciplinary landscape in entrepreneurship research. The striking differences and contradictions in entrepreneurial activities, readiness and innovativeness within European countries and the proactive attitude and activities of European competitors impose a demand for a better understanding of the complex dynamics.
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Chapter 7: Enterprise Education in Different Cultural Settings and at Different School Levels

Ulla Hytti


7. Enterprise education in different cultural settings and at different school levels Ulla Hytti INTRODUCTION Enterprise education and entrepreneurial studies have been strongly promoted and in some countries included by legislation in the national curricula. European countries have different entrepreneurial cultures, and differences should be reflected in the enterprise education programmes and curriculum structure. Terminology differs according to culture, and this makes transnational exchange of knowledge and research in the field difficult. In planning research in the area of enterprise education we encountered a lack of comparable material across Europe. The terms used in one culture do not carry the same meaning in other cultures, and this makes theory and programme development difficult. Hence, any understanding and interpretation of entrepreneurship must reflect the social, cultural and historical environment in which the activity is embedded. In different times and places entrepreneurship has had different meaning, such as (external) entrepreneurship, which is about setting up and managing small businesses and/or growth-oriented, entrepreneurial ventures; intrapreneurship, which is understood as an entrepreneurial way of action within an organization; and enterprising behaviour, which deals with the behaviours, skills and attributes of any individual in all spheres of life (Kyrö, 1996). The differentiated understandings of entrepreneurship are linked to different sets of learning objectives in enterprise education which may be categorized under three headings: (1) learning to understand entrepreneurship; (2) learning to become entrepreneurial; and (3) learning to become an entrepreneur (see also...

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