The Handbook on the Political Economy of War
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The Handbook on the Political Economy of War

Edited by Christopher J. Coyne and Rachel L. Mathers

By defining political economy and war in the broadest sense, this unique Handbook brings together a wide range of interdisciplinary scholars from economics, political science, sociology, and policy studies to address a multitude of important topics. These include an analysis of why wars begin, how wars are waged, what happens after war has ceased, and the various alternatives to war. Other sections explore civil war and revolution, the arms trade, economic and political systems, and post-conflict reconstruction and nation building. Policymakers as well as academics and students of political science, economics, public policy and sociology will find this volume to be an engaging and enlightening read.
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Chapter 22: Three’s Company? Towards an Understanding of Third-Party Intervention Effectiveness

David Carment and Martin Fischer


David Carment and Martin Fischer 22.1 INTRODUCTION When we consider the word “effectiveness” we often think of “measurement” as an associated term to help us better understand the conditions under which a particular kind of action leads to a specific kind of outcome. The idea that effectiveness can be “isolated,” “measured” and “assessed” comes from the understanding that there is a real-world, and proven way of achieving a specific outcome or achieving a precise effect. More specifically, effectiveness is something that is understood as existing in fact, having the power or ability, to create a specific end state and having a capability that has demonstrated itself to be appropriately matched to an objective, goal or end state. Using such an approach, authors such as Esman (1995), Licklider (1995), Diehl, Reifschneider and Hensel (1996), Lund (1996), Kleiboer (1996), Regan (1996) and Walter (1997) among others, have all provided extensive and varied definitions of the term effectiveness in order to understand third-party intervention success and failure. Taken in the context of third-party intervention, for the purposes of this chapter, there are a number of important questions that arise when we consider the issue of effectiveness. For example, is the effectiveness of third-party intervention simply about achieving a specific end goal, or end state, or do other parameters and activities, such as process and context matter? If effectiveness is just about understanding what works in the real world, what then is the appropriate place of theory, either as a basis for establishing evaluative...

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