Chapter 7 The developing countries
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This chapter examines the position of the poor countries in the world economy. It sets out the economic, political, geographical and social characteristics of the ‘Third World’. Although they are different, what they have in common is low per capita national income. A strategy for growth is set out incorporating models from Harrod, Domar, Lewis to the present day. Inequality in living-standards and life-chances is common. Poverty itself is often attributed to demography, in the tradition of Malthus. The contention is that population must be controlled is explored. The chapter, turning from the quantitative to the qualitative, suggests indices and indicators for development. Not all are compatible with a policy that puts growth first.

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