Chapter 6 Child poverty policies in Japan: familial welfare state in transition?
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This chapter examines if the Japanese welfare model has transformed during the period from 2008 to 2020, especially regarding policies against child poverty. In 2013, the Law to Promote Policies Against Child Poverty was enacted and during this period, there were significant developments of new programmes targeting children of poor families. These developments suggest that Japan may be moving away from its traditional welfare model of relying on families and prioritising economic development over the provision of social protection. After careful examination of the political developments before and after the enactment of the Law and actual programmes which were implemented since, the chapter concludes that the Japanese welfare model has not changed its basic characteristics and the new policy against child poverty is an extension of the ‘productivist’ welfare model.

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