Chapter 10 Challenging the universal healthcare systems in Southeast Asia: COVID-19 crisis management in Indonesia and the Philippines
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The aim of this chapter is to analyse policy responses to the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia and the Philippines. The two countries have put universal health coverage (UHC) in operation since the 2010s, regarded as a big milestone for the development of social protection. The COVID-19 pandemic provides us a unique opportunity to test the universal healthcare systems in action in the two countries, in contrast to the many studies of comparative public healthcare, which focus on institutional structure of public healthcare systems. In order to examine the public healthcare systems in Indonesia and the Philippines in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, this chapter adopts a perspective of crisis management which sees a public healthcare system as a part of the wider governance structure of crisis management. It identifies the weaknesses of the public healthcare systems with universal coverage, which manifested in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and suggests that capacity and distribution of universal health care systems should be further improved in the future.

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