Introduction to The International Governance of Artificial Intelligence
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Artificial intelligence is poised to impact every domain in human life, and many of those impacts will be international in scope. This book describes a ‘law’ of artificial intelligence at the international level. That law is combination of hard and soft norms that is emerging from the complex interactions of several sources of law and of the actors who propound them: private ordering by companies and associations, often dictated by the market; artificial intelligence developers and academics; national laws and regulations promulgated by states; the corpus of international law itself; international organizations; and civil society. The regulatory tools for AI governance fall along a spectrum from private ordering to formal regulation, shaping an already-existing normative landscape within which stakeholders in artificial intelligence operate and that stakeholders try to mold. The book is organized into four parts. Part I discusses the rise of artificial intelligence applications and provides a framework for their governance. Part II examines each of the major actors involved in artificial intelligence development and governance. Each actor is informed to some extent by internal logics that drive the norms they are apt to develop and support. At the same time, each actor must contend with the norms that already exist and with other actors who occupy the same regulatory space. As a result, the interactions of actors and sources sometimes blur the lines between them. Part III takes a broader perspective on artificial intelligence governance. It explores how AI is increasingly being associated with geopolitical dynamics between states. It also argues that international human rights should serve first, as the best articulation the international community has made of its ultimate goals and second, as the source of rules and standards by which AI norms at all levels of governance and in all domains are to be evaluated. Part IV concludes.

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