AI applications stand to impact every domain of human life, and many of those impacts will be international in scope. AI will affect international trade in goods and services, international finance, foreign direct investment, international labor flows, international peace and security, the environment, and public health. There are good reasons why the international community would want to ensure that those impacts are beneficial to human beings, but as is true with the governance of technology in general, the governance of artificial intelligence is fraught. Themes that have emerged from attempts to govern technology: debates whether technology is neutral, inexorable, or politically constructed; questions whether technology outpaces regulation; and Collingridge’s dilemma that it is often too early or too late to regulate technology–apply to the regulation of artificial intelligence at every level of governance.

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