Chapter 3 Turning out or turning away: international political economy effects on political participation
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Assessing the overall political impact of globalization requires not only understanding its effects on policy preferences and vote choice (as previous research has provided), but also an understanding of how it affects political participation. Elites are far more likely to address the public's globalization-induced grievances and preferences if citizens vote, protest, donate, or otherwise express their voice politically. This chapter proposes avenues for future research on the intersection of international political economy and political participation. Future work should focus on mediating variables (such as race, inequality or welfare state compensation) in the globalization-participation relationship. Grappling with globalization's political impacts will also require greater attention to additional aspects of globalization (such as financial globalization and immigration in addition to trade and FDI), additional types of participation (such as donations and civil society activism in addition to voting and protest), and the effects of globalization on participation in the Global South.

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