Chapter 8 Governance of AI and gender: building on International Human Rights Law and relevant regional frameworks
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The increasing uptake of artificial intelligence (AI) systems across industries and social activities raises questions as to who benefits from these systems and who does not, and their treatment in regulatory frameworks. Emerging regulatory approaches range from sectoral regulations and omnibus frameworks to abstract principles. This chapter examines the place of gender in current and emerging AI governance frameworks. The chapter argues that the proliferation of self-imposed standards and abstract ethical principles without enforcement mechanisms fall short in addressing the complex regulatory challenges of AI-driven gender harms. The chapter makes the case for bringing gender to the centre of AI regulation discourse and recommends AI regulation frameworks be based upon international human rights instruments, incorporating gender as a mainstreamed element, as more representative, enforceable, and concerned with protecting the vulnerable.

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