This chapter seeks to shed light on the following questions: to what extent is the EU a "good global actor" in the field of data governance? What are the limitations of the EU as a 'willing-to-be' good actor in data governance? What are the implications of other international actors' competing approaches to data governance on the "goodness" of the EU's role in this field? In order to reflect on these questions, this chapter takes into account tensions existing in the EU's data governance approach as well as implications of alternative approaches of other actors. It will be demonstrated that whilst there has been a strong willingness of the EU to act as a "good global actor" in data governance, its aspiration is limited by the dilemma of balancing data protection and technical innovation, or data protection and public interest as well as alternative approaches adopted by other major actors.
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