Chapter 2 Attention
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The backbone of mindfulness is attention. Attention is a mental faculty that focuses the mind, steadies emotions, and establishes a foundation for the cultivation of a more vivid awareness. Attention is inherently an unsteady, fickle, and limited resource that is especially vulnerable to degradation during times of stress. At the same time, attention can be trained and refined. Mindfulness practices that are oriented around the development of concentration, such as Focused Attention, are an effective and reliable means of training attention. A mind less prone to wandering is more resilient in the face of volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous (“VUCA”) conditions, better equipped to see things more clearly, and less inclined to lead to over-reaction. By training the faculty of attention, a variety of important attributes are cultivated that crucial to the study and practice of mindfulness.

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