Chapter 12 The gendered dynamics of integration and transnational engagement among second-generation adults in Europe
Restricted access

Within the social science literature on contemporary immigration and immigrant incorporation, considerable theoretical debate has revolved around the notion of immigrant transnationalism (Glick-Schiller et al., 1995; Portes et al., 1999; Kivisto, 2001; Joppke and Morawska, 2003;Waldinger and Fitzgerald, 2004; Levitt and Jaworsky, 2007; de Haas,2010). During the 1980s, migration scholars began emphasizing the extent to which international migration consisted of mutually reinforcing processes unfolding in both sending and receiving communities (Massey et al., 1987, 1994; Grasmuck and Pessar, 1991). This bi-directional flow of people, goods and ideas across borders appeared inconsistent with classical perspectives of ‘assimilation’ and called into question traditional notions of citizenship and the state (Bloemraad et al., 2008). In light of this, based on ethnographic research in migrant communities, many scholars argued that a theory of transnationalism, rather than assimilation, more adequately described the dynamics of international migration in a world that is increasingly interconnected owing to technological change.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with you Elgar account