Handbook on the Geographies of Innovation
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Handbook on the Geographies of Innovation

Edited by Richard Shearmu, Christophe Carrincazeaux and David Doloreux

The geography of innovation is changing. First, it is increasingly understood that innovative firms and organizations exhibit a wide variety of strategies, each being differently attuned to diverse geographic contexts. Second, and concomitantly, the idea that cities, clusters and physical proximity are essential for innovation is evolving under the weight of new theorizing and empirical evidence. In this Handbook we gather 28 chapters by scholars with widely differing views on what constitutes the geography of innovation. The aim of the Handbook is to break with the many ideas and concepts that emerged during the course of the 1980s and 1990s, and to fully take into account the new reality of the internet, mobile communication technologies, personal mobility and globalization. This does not entail the rejection of well-established and supported ideas, but instead allows for a series of new ideas and authors to enter the arena and provoke debate.
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Chapter 19: Evolution of regional innovation systems in China: insights from emerging indigenous innovation in Shenzhen

Chun Yang


Drawing upon the regional innovation systems (RIS) approach in the globalizing economy, the chapter examines the evolution of regional innovation systems in China, with special emphasis on emerging indigenous innovation in Shenzhen, China’s first Special Economic Zone located in the Pearl River Delta. The transformation of innovation policies in China is explored, particularly in the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis, through the development of state-designated strategic emerging industries and subsequent effects on the technological dynamisms in Shenzhen. Particular attention is paid to the emergence of indigenous innovation as regional innovation systems evolve. The chapter sheds light on the emerging paradigm shift of state innovation policy towards indigenous innovation with a focus on domestic firms. Notwithstanding this new focus, the empirical experience in Shenzhen indicates that indigenous innovation focused on domestic firms may unnecessarily exclude the participation of trans-national corporations.

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