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This chapter provides commentary on Article 4 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking on definitions, fundamental to the interpretation of the entire Convention. It includes the definition of trafficking in human beings, the definition of child trafficking as well as of ‘victim’ of trafficking; furthermore, the issue of ‘consent of the victim’ is discussed. It begins with a short introduction, providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history of the Convention provision, with references also to the underlying definition of the UN Palermo Protocol; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and, finally, discusses issues of interpretation concerning the elements of the definition of trafficking in human beings.