This chapter provides commentary on Article 10 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with the identification of the victims. This provision sets key standards for the process of identification of victims of trafficking in human beings, including in relation to assess to assistance and residence, and addresses specific requirements in relation children. The chapter starts with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation. The chapter closes with a conclusion.