This chapter highlights the current state of research on the governance of international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs), with a focus on INGOs that headquarter in developed countries and execute programmes in the developing world. Current literature on INGO governance mainly takes a theoretical perspective based on research conducted in developed countries and focused on hybrid organizations that work across markets, public sectors and civil society within developed contexts. We call for adding a theoretical lens that uses the concept of brokerage between formal and informal settings to appropriately take into account the context of developing countries. More specifically, we propose to focus on how informal settings in developing countries affect the nomination of INGO board members and how board governance helps INGOs act as brokers to create a bridge between actors in developed countries (characterized by strong formal settings) and those in developing countries (characterized by extensive informal settings).
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