This chapter discusses the roles of Chinese government in the country’s tourism development. At the national government level, six roles were identified and elaborated. These include the government roles of operator, regulator, investment stimulator, promoter, coordinator and educator. Local governments at different levels (i.e., provincial, prefecture, country and township) more or less correspond to the national government in their roles in developing local tourism. This chapter also reviews the different governance issues in association with community tourism, tourist destination and resort, tourism attraction management and regional tourism cooperation. In the development of tourism in China, central government, local governments, tourism investment and operation companies, and local communities comprise the four most important stakeholder/interest groups. These four parties each hold their own logics and interact, communicate and struggle with one another in their distinctive power positions and with their innate rights endowment, to forge the certain pathway of development.
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