Chapter 6 Stereotyping and other “forms of discrimination” in the Chicago Declaration on the Rights of Older Persons and in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights
Restricted access

The 2014 Chicago Declaration on the Human Rights of Older Persons, one of the most recent, informal efforts to establish the human rights status of older persons, sets out to tackle ageism, the stereotyping, stigmatization and/or discrimination of persons because of their advanced age. Departing from this non-binding Declaration drafted by lawyers well-versed in law and in gerontology, this chapter asks to what extent discrimination law is open to influencing ageist stereotyping and stigma. The authors focus on a series of selected cases from the European Court of Human Rights. The goal of the legal analysis is to learn if, and what kind of (legal) responses are available to ageist stereotyping and “other forms of discrimination”. Our analysis lends support to the claim that the European Court is partially open to influence ageist stereotyping. The law however does not reach anti-ageing expressions and messages. This situation falls short of the expectation of the drafters of the Chicago Declaration. The so called 2014 Chicago Declaration on the Human Rights of Older Persons, one of the most recent, informal, efforts to establish the human rights status of older persons, sets out to tackle ageism, the stereotyping, stigmatization, and/or discrimination of persons because of their advanced age. Departing from this non-binding Declaration drafted by lawyers well-versed in law and in gerontology, this article asks to what extent discrimination law is open to influencing bias, stereotypes, prejudices, and stigma of older persons (which the Chicago Declaration calls “forms of discrimination”). The authors draw the attention to a selected series of court cases from the European Court of Human Rights. Our analysis lends support to the claim that the European court is only partially open to influence ageist stereotyping. Anti-discrimination law however does not reach anti-ageing expressions and messages. This situation falls short of the expectation of the drafters of the Chicago Declaration but may represent the limits of what is possible for discrimination law in a democratic society that respects liberty of expression.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with you Elgar account