Critical agrarian studies explore new ways to include nature in its core theoretical framework. This chapter reviews divergent conceptualizations of nature-society relationships in capitalism. Its point of departure is Jason Moore’s book Capitalism in the Web of Life: Ecology and the Accumulation of Capital, which has become a key source in agrarian studies. Moore’s notion of the Capitalocene is a critical response to common understandings of the Anthropocene. This chapter also reviews critiques on Moore’s position. It contrasts his view on nature in capitalism with views that consider an analytical distinctions between nature and capitalism indispensable for understanding ecological crisis.
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