The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) introduces an innovative and multi-faceted institutional framework to ensure both its implementation and monitoring. Its inclusive approach, evidenced through a mixture of civil society actors, governments and monitoring mechanisms, in particular, is a driver to realize the paradigm shifts which the CRPD has introduced. Given its specific institutional and constitutional nature, putting this framework into practice poses specific challenges to the European Union (EU). This chapter examines how the EU has dealt, to date, with setting up and managing the obligations laid down in Article 33(2) CRPD. It analyzes the interpretation of Article 33 CRPD by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and examines the Committee’s assessment of the implementation of the CRPD by the EU during the initial State review process. The chapter subsequently looks at the evolution of the monitoring framework of the EU and highlights some areas in its internal dynamics which require further development.
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