The concept of European Union citizenship has undergone a significant level of development since its formal inclusion in the Treaty of Maastricht. Whilst Union citizenship began as a primarily derivative right which arises out of citizenship of an individual Member State, it has been utilized in an ever-growing number of socially-orientated decisions issued by the Court of Justice of the European Union, particularly in relation to non-discrimination. Bearing in mind the Union’s commitment towards implementing a comprehensive disability strategy, most notably through its ratification of the United Nations Conventions on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, this chapter examines to the extent to which this constitutional value can be seen as consistent with the prescriptive and interventionist model of disability put forward by the Convention. It does so by contrasting Union citizenship with classic conceptions of its national counterpart from a structural vantage point.
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