Chapter 3 Typologies of anti-corruption frameworks
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The current literature on anti-corruption addresses two major issues: the importance of targeting different types of corruption, instead of addressing corruption in general terms, and relating distinct corruption prevention strategies to suitable contexts. The first issue has recently been addressed comprehensively, while the second has remained largely unexplored. Drawing on insights from a previous study (Villeneuve et al. 2019), this chapter addresses the importance of classifying anti-corruption policies in order to provide a better understanding of how to deploy them in an effective and context-sensitive manner. The proposed typology highlights three vectors along which to group anti-corruption initiatives: type of policy tool, mechanism of intervention and nature of corruption (i.e. motivation and type of gain). The typology identifies a range of available policy tools that can be applied to the anti-corruption field, and provides practical examples.

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