Chapter 7 Corruption of public officials by organised crime: understanding the risks, and exploring the solutions
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This chapter examines the nature of organised crime group involvement in public-sector corruption, associated risk factors and best-practice responses. The chapter draws on a review of international literature that sought to determine how this kind of corruption occurs and how it can best be prevented. Many of the initiatives developed to minimise risks of corruption in the public sector generally can be applied to the specific risks of corruption initiated by members of organised crime groups. Macro-level measures that seek to reduce incentives and opportunities for corruption are most likely to be effective in minimising risks, as are strategies designed to enhance accountability, improve transparency and encourage oversight of public officials. Conventional anti-corruption approaches such as employee security vetting, staff education and the implementation of codes of conduct are of limited benefit in addressing the specific risks of corruption arising from organised crime.

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