Chapter 18 Corruption in Lithuania: between institutions and perceptions
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This chapter presents an analysis of public-sector integrity, levels of corruption and its public perceptions in Lithuania. The public administration system in Lithuania, as in other post-Soviet countries, has faced the legacies of Soviet institutions related to double standards in the public sector, shadow economy and a strong culture of bribes, favouritism and corrupted networks that are common issues in most authoritarian regimes. One of the most significant challenges for the Lithuanian public administration was introducing European Union (EU) standards and best practices before joining the EU in 2004. Nevertheless, more than two decades have not appeared to be sufficient to change citizens’ mentality about bribery and corruption. Current data from public opinion surveys indicate that Lithuanians still tend to identify the public sector as highly corrupt, although institutional indices on corruption and transparency reflect a considerably high integrity level in Lithuania. The chapter also discusses a corruption prevention model being developed in Lithuania which follows the widely known Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption example.

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