Disciplinary steps against judges in South Africa were until recently a matter for informal peer pressure from within the judicial leadership. Subsequent to legislative amendment in 2008, the crucial role is now played by the Judicial Conduct Committee which may establish a Judicial Conduct Tribunal to hear a specific matter, reporting to the Judicial Service Commission, before any reference to Parliament for possible impeachment by a two-thirds majority vote. Despite some notable controversies involving two judges in particular, no judge has yet been impeached under the current constitutional regime.
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