The aim of this chapter is to discuss experiences with spatial planning across protected area borders in order to facilitate nature-based tourism in a sustainable way, in relation to the environment and the affected communities. We have studied three different Norwegian national parks, including adjacent landscapes and communities. The results are discussed in the light of similar European experiences. The study reveals a rather limited level of integrated planning practices across protected area borders. New trends related to delegation of management responsibility of protected areas, introduction of branding and visitor strategies for national parks, and the emergence of regional parks have only to a limited extent improved integrated planning in order to facilitate nature-based tourism and community development. The most promising trend is the interest in regional parks observed in many Norwegian municipalities, which is inspired by European regional nature parks, particularly the Swiss model.
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