Chapter 3 Mechanisms of policy transfer and policy diffusion
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The chapter gives an overview on the mechanisms that have become dominant in research on policy transfer and policy diffusion. It presents coercion, competition, emulation and learning as constituting the dominant typology, while also briefly shedding light on additional typologies, and to what extent they overlap. The chapter then summarizes some important points of critique related to the mechanisms of policy transfer and policy diffusion: First, studies often tend to neglect the causal processes underlying the different mechanisms. Second, the mechanisms lack conceptual clarity when it comes to distinguishing them from one another. Third, the dominant typology of mechanism suffers from internal theoretical incoherence. The chapter stresses how scholars have addressed these problems, and concludes by summarizing remaining research gaps with regard to conceptual and empirical questions.

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