Chapter 3 Fact finding and investigation
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In order to examine whether a notified operation raises serious doubts (in phase I) or is compatible with the internal market (in Phase II), the Commission needs to collect a significant amount of information about the markets concerned by the transaction and the likely effects of the proposed merger on competition in these markets. Since the procedure under the Merger Regulation is a written administrative procedure, the evidence has to be included in the Commission's file in a way that the Commission can refer to it in its decision and the evidence can be made accessible to the parties when they request access to the file. Therefore, the primary method of fact-finding is via written responses by market participants to requests for information under Article 11 of the Merger Regulation.

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