Chapter 12 Using mainstream development economics to improve sustainability: a value chain approach
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This chapter examines the use of pro-poor value chain analysis as an approach to measure, and improve, the economic impact of tourism on local communities in developing countries. The approach was adapted from value chain analysis commonly used in agricultural commodity analysis and overlain with the market systems conceptual approach used by private sector development practitioners working in international development. The rationale for attempting to quantify these impacts is explained. This approach has been refined and applied by the author in action research studies in ten contrasting emerging economy tourist destinations to ask a range of specific questions - all of which relate to how local people can derive greater benefits from the trade in tourism services. The approach is described step-by-step, together with practical hints about how to assess a tourism destination in 10-20 working days of fieldwork. The challenges and limitations of the approach are highlighted. An overview of the empirical results generated by the application of this approach is outlined together with the implications of these results for how we understand tourism impacts and, ultimately, the process of economic development and the role of the tourism practitioner.

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Editor: Anna Spenceley