Chapter 22 Economic effects assessment approaches: Tourism Economic Model for Protected Areas (TEMPA) for developing countries
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The objective of Tourism Economic Model for Protected Areas (TEMPA) is to offer a tool to estimate the economic impact of tourism in protected areas, and therefore provide a way to inform stakeholders of the value of PAs in serving not just for conservation purposes, but as engines for relatively low-impact, high added-value economic growth. TEMPA is based on the Money Generation Model (MGM2)--a system used by the US National Park Service - with modifications to address particular issues of developing countries. TEMPA was designed to be used with different levels of information considering the budget, time, and capacity constraints that protected area managers from developing countries may face. TEMPA can help managers and consultants on designing a study, gathering the right information, and presenting the results.

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Editor: Anna Spenceley
Handbook