The European Union Cohesion Policy supports the development of European regions since the end of the 1980s, despite the lack of supranational spatial planning competences. As reported through time by numerous studies, this has triggered important changes in the Member States’ territorial administration, regional and urban policies, spatial planning praxis. Drawing on the comprehensive dataset collected in the context of the ESPON COMPASS research project, this chapter shed light on the role of EU cohesion policy as a driver of Europeanisation, by systematically analysing its impact on all Member States’ territorial governance and spatial planning systems in the period from 2000 to 2016, and in relation to the various administrative levels. In doing so, the authors bring new evidence to confirm how the actual impact of Cohesion Policy depends on domestic differential institutional and administrative settings, spatial planning traditions, as well as on the magnitude of the allocated funding.
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