Chapter 7 An anti-Latin policing machine: enforcing the U.S.-Mexico border along the Great Lakes and the 49th Parallel
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Boyce and Miller explore the expansive nature of post 9/11 US border expansion, focusing on the US Canada divide, and the increasing of racial-ethnic profiling of Latinos, even in a region where there are relatively few, by the Border Patrol, illustrating its character as a national quasi-racial-ethnic policeforce. Over the past 20 years, the United States has undertaken an unprecedented build-up of its enforcement capacity along the country’s border with Canada. Officially, this enforcement build-up is justified with reference to the spectre of terrorism and the kinds of security concerns that proliferated in the aftermath of the terror attacks of September 11, 2001. Although along the U.S. / Mexico borderagents arrest many more individuals actively seeking to enter the United States, here too apprehension records reveal the arrest of hundreds of U.S. citizens and thousands of individuals who are long-term U.S. residents, through the very same kinds of practices - transit checks, roving patrol stops, highway checkpoints and third party law enforcement custody-transfer - observed abovein urban and rural areas across the northern U.S. borderlands.

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