Chapter 11 Major changes in migrations and borders after the revolution of globalized liberalism
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The part on Mediterranean borders starts with the history of migration marked by periods of racism and violent reject and also by periods of peaceful integration and assimilation in immigration countries. Palidda opens such a narrative with the understanding of the consequences of the economic neoliberal global“revolution,” which have generated today ´s migrations in the transition from a more tolerant biopolitics of migrations favourable to the migrant integration into the receiving society to a more coercive thanatopolitics of death and exclusion. This is basically the radical shift in the meaning of migration policies: from let to live to let to die, especially in the Mediterranean Therefore, migration and borders shifts and the migrants become “wasted lives” or get trapped as“excess humanity.” For Palidda, Pandemics are also part of the understanding of the migration paradigm and borders. Among the first measures adopted by nearly all governments in the Covid-19 crisis was the closure of borders (or large-scale restriction of migration), the abandonment of any duty to help refugees, which has resulted in the tragic aggravation of the situation of migrants located near borders, exemplified especially on the Turkish-Greek border zone.

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