Chapter 7 Labor mobility in an enlarged European Union
Restricted access

The freedom of movement of workers is one of the four fundamental pillars of economic integration in the European Union (EU), which also includes the free mobility of capital, goods and services. A central objective of free mobility is to enable EU citizens to seek employment, and any social benefits attached with it, in any of the EU member states. From the economic perspective free labor mobility improves the allocative efficiency of EU labor markets, thus buttressing the EU’s economy and alleviating some of its demographic challenges (Kahanec and Zimmermann, 2010; Zimmermann, 2005). Yet, with the process of EU enlargement expanding this freedom to new member states, free labor mobility constitutes one of the most sensitive, and often challenged, freedoms in the EU. The controversies surrounding the freedom of movement of labor culminated when Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia, referred to as the EU10, joined the EU in 2004 and carried on in 2007 when Bulgaria and Romania, the EU2, followed suit.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with you Elgar account
Handbook