Edited by Jonathan Crush, Bruce Frayne and Gareth Haysom
The introduction clarifies the two-fold goal of the book. It provides answers to a policy relevant scenario where two countries decide to cooperate in the field of transboundary aquifers. Second, in doing so, it sheds light on the extent to which the emerging international law of transboundary aquifers reflects customary international law, with a particular focus on the Draft Articles and its relationship with customary international law.
Jonathan Crush, Bruce Frayne and Gareth Hayson
This volume addresses the connections between three transformative processes in the Global South. First, the South is undergoing a rapid urban transition fueled by natural population increase and migration. Second, the cities of the South have witnessed major changes in the ways in which their food supply is organized, including new linkages to global processing and distribution networks and incorporation into global food markets. Third, there is a major upsurge in levels of food insecurity in the cities of the South. Under-nutrition and overnutrition are both rising in most cities and towns. The chapters in this inter-disciplinary volume provide new insights into these global processes and how they are experienced and responded to at the local level.
Exploring the conceptual foundations for sociologically sound jurisprudence, and inspired by neighbouring sub-disciplines like the sociological theory of law or sociological jurisprudence this chapter puts forward an institutional theory of law that accounts for the wealth of legal phenomena and provides a working concept of law for sociology. It discusses key issues in the tension between sociology of law and jurisprudence and revisits the is/ought distinction as it applies to sociology and to jurisprudence, considering legal norms and processes as the institutional elements to test the two disciplines. Norms operate in communicative spaces, as patterns for action that influence peoples' expectations, social actions and the settlement of social conflicts. Sociology of law thus contributes to jurisprudence, distinguishing law from other normative systems, and legal norms from other types of norm.
Emilie Cloatre and Martyn Pickersgill
Sociologies of law and science are increasingly intertwined, offering an important analytic platform from which the join workings of legal and scientific processes can be apprehended and interrogated. This chapter attends to scholarship that has brought together the critical assessment of legal and scientific endeavours, and illustrates how it enabled the breaking of new ground. In particular, the chapter illuminates how new conceptual and methodological engagements have made apparent some of the political dynamics that determine how law functions in societies, and how scientific and legal practices can feed off each other in strengthening pre-existing relationships of institutional power. If the sociology of science has to a great extent enabled legal scholars to approach science as a much less uncertain object than they may have done otherwise, scholarship in law and science has also contributed to destabilizing understandings of the ontology of law - adding new insights into the many ways in which legal authority gets constructed, sustained or defined.