2019 marked the 40th anniversary of the publication of Anthony P. Thirlwall’s classic paper that laid out what became known as Thirlwall’s law. This article introduced and provided empirical evidence in favor of the proposition that the long-run rate of growth of an economy compatible with balance-of-payments equilibrium can be approximated by the simple rule of the ratio of the growth of exports to the income elasticity of demand for imports.
Examining the fundamental thinking underpinning the foundation for economic studies of happiness, this book explores the theories of key economists and philosophers from the Greek philosophers to more modern schools of thought. Lall Ramrattan and Michael Szenberg explore the general measures of happiness, utility as a method, metrical measures of happiness, happiness in literature and the scope of happiness in this concise book.
As a whole this book adds the ‘Keynes’-component (K) to the Goodwinian vision of a ‘MKS-System’. It first provides a reconsideration of prominent past approaches towards the formation of Keynesian macrodynamics. Ultimately it aims to integrate Marx's Distributive Cycle and aspects of Schumpeter's reformulation of socialism and democracy theory, with Keynes' macro-theory of a ‘Tripartite Market Hierarchy’. This regards financial markets as being at the top, followed by goods markets which in turn are followed by the weakest element, the labor markets. It is completed by certain repercussions that influence the central causal nexus of these three fundamental macro-markets in the longer-run.
Plato was the first of the great thinkers to integrate the economy into a wide-ranging synthesis of ethical absolutes and human interaction. In this original and stimulating book, David Reisman assesses his influential contribution to the political economy of production, consumption, distribution and exchange.