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Colin Turner

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Regional Infrastructure Systems

The Political Economy of Regional Infrastructure

Colin Turner

As the international economy globalises, there is a need for national infrastructure systems to adapt to form a global infrastructure system. This network of networks aids mobility between national systems as a means of supporting their territorial needs and preferences. This reflects a strategic approach to state infrastructuring as nations seek to utilise these physical systems to support and enhance their territoriality. Providing a thorough examination through the lens of economic infrastructure, the book addresses the forces of integration and fragmentation in global networks.
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David Kaufmann

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Varieties of Capital Cities

The Competitiveness Challenge for Secondary Capitals

David Kaufmann

The political and symbolic centrality of capital cities has been challenged by increasing economic globalization. This is especially true of secondary capital cities; capital cities which, while being the seat of national political power, are not the primary economic city of their nation state. David Kaufmann examines the unique challenges that these cities face entering globalised, inter-urban competition while not possessing a competitive political economy.
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Gillian Bristow and Adrian Healy

The purpose of this concluding chapter is to draw together the key themes from the rich comparative analysis reported in this book, and to consider the wider implications for policy efforts to develop regional economic resilience. It highlights that a number of factors are positively associated with more resilient regions. These include more diverse, export-oriented economies with the presence of international companies. The experience of the crisis highlights the resilience risks of dependency on particular firms, sectors, markets and public-sector transfers. It also emphasises the dangers of making simplistic assumptions about the importance of particular factors to resilience outcomes. The different experiences of the crisis from the different European regions reported in this volume clearly highlight the important mediating role that is played by place-based characteristics.

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Uku Varblane and Urmas Varblane

This chapter explores the effect of the 2008_09 crisis on the region of North Estonia. The region was hit very hard owing to its high openness and dependence upon foreign trade. However, a swift and decisive national policy response helped foster very rapid recovery, with a radical reduction of public expenditures and accelerated utilisation of EU funds particularly important factors.

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Iwona Sagan and Grzegorz Masik

This chapter provides a case study of the Pomorskie region of Poland which exhibited strong resilience to the 2008_09 crisis. The chapter explores the reasons for the region’s economic resilience. The analysis highlights the importance of the relative resilience of the Polish economy as a whole, as well as the diversified economic structure of the Pomorskie region. The analysis also highlights the adaptability associated with the region’s flexible labour force and open society and economy.

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Edited by Gillian Bristow and Adrian Healy

The economic crisis of 2008-9 heralded the most severe economic downturn in the history of the European Union. Yet not all regions experienced economic decline and rates of recovery have varied greatly. This has raised new questions about what factors influence the economic resilience of regions. This book presents the results of an Applied Research Project conducted within the ESPON 2013 Programme and provides a detailed analysis of what made some European regions more resilient to the crisis than others.
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Veiko Sepp

This chapter explores the impact of the 2008_09 economic crisis on the Uusimaa region of Finland. It finds that whilst the region’s economy fared slightly better than Finland as a whole, the economic effects were significant, and it has undoubtedly struggled to recover. The crisis exposed the region’s high dependence upon Nokia which was advantageous when the company was leading the mobile phone market but a hindrance when its competitiveness declined. The higher proportion of public sector employment in Uusimaa provided some ballast in the face of this decline but not enough to prevent considerable output and employment decline. Whilst the strong welfare support system and long-term collective wage agreements have helped soften the impact of the crisis on incomes and wages by helping maintain domestic demand, they carry the risk of limiting the adaptability of businesses and workers in relation to structural change.

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Adrian Healy

This chapter explores the effects of the 2008_09 crisis on South West Ireland. The analysis shows that the region was hit hard but fared relatively better than many other parts of Ireland. The analysis shows that underpinning the relative resilience of South West Ireland is the city of Cork. Here locational advantages, combined with the value of a vibrant urban centre, export-oriented firms and a strong base of universities and research institutes linked to the local economy, served to provide a strong foundation for economic resilience relative to the Irish economy as a whole. The region has also benefited from national policies seeking to promote the economic growth of the Irish economy.