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THE UNDERLYING RIGHT TO DAMAGES

Law and Practice, Second Edition

David Ashton

In its ruling in Crehan, the Court of Justice held that national courts must provide a remedy in damages for the enforcement of the rights and obligations created by Article 101 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The Court held, in sum, as follows: The full effectiveness of Article [101] of the Treaty and, in particular, the practical effect of the prohibition laid down in Article [101(1)] would be put at risk if it were not open to any individual to claim damages for loss caused to him by a contract or by conduct liable to restrict or distort competition. (emphasis added) The question of principle as to whether or not an undertaking is entitled to claim damages for loss suffered as a result of a breach of Article 101 TFEU was not answered specifically by the Court, but was merged with two other questions. Firstly, whether or not a party to a contract which is in breach of Article 101 TFEU may rely upon that article to seek relief from the other contracting party (the first question), and secondly, whether a rule of national law that ‘parties to an illegal agreement cannot claim damages from the other party for loss caused to him by being a party to the illegal agreement’ is compatible with EU law (the third question).Within this structure, the question of principle is the second question.

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ANNEX

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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ARTICLE 1 ECHR

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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ARTICLE 101 TFEU

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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ARTICLE 102 TFEU

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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ARTICLE 103 TFEU

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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ARTICLE 104 TFEU

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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ARTICLE 105 TFEU

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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ARTICLE 106 TFEU

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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ARTICLE 107 TFEU

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder