This topical volume deals with the processes through which TRIPS compliance was achieved in four developing country jurisdictions: Brazil, China, India and Thailand. More importantly, it analyses the macro and micro implications of TRIPS compliance for innovative activity in industry in general, but focuses specifically on the agrochemical, automotive and pharmaceutical sectors.
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Evidence and Experience from Developing Countries
Edited by Sunil Mani and Richard R. Nelson
Policy Insights from Comparative Analyses in Asia
Khuong Minh Vu
The advancement of a nation from poverty to prosperity is not a technical process but a great transformation. At the center of this change are two driving forces – emotion, which is referred to as aspiration, anxiety, and sense of responsibility; and enlightenment, which is associated with the freedom from dogmatism, open-mindedness, and the hunger for learning. It is these two factors that have determined not only the remarkable success of Asia in economic development but also the uniqueness of its growth model. This book examines the rise of Asia in the past two decades and draws lessons from its growth patterns.
A Developing Country Perspective
Edited by Pushpam Kumar and Ibrahim Thiaw
Using a selection of authoritative and original contributions, this timely book explores the uncertainty surrounding the impact of decisions undertaken to manage ecosystem services worldwide. Invariably, the policies designed and implemented to manage forests, wetlands, and marine and coastal environments often involve conflicts of interest between various stakeholders. This has added an additional layer of complexity in the context of developing countries where institutions and governance are weak or absent. Economic valuation and the subsequent design of innovative response tools such as payment for ecosystem services (PES) have the potential to offer far greater transparency. In the case of LDCs, the identification of suitable institutions for executing these tools is also of vital importance.
Forging a Path to Sustainable Development
Edited by Philip Lawn
This book focuses on three critical issues pertaining to the broader goal of sustainable development – namely, the degenerative forces of globalisation, ecological sustainability requirements, and how best to negotiate the economic transition process.
Studies in Modelling and Decision Support, Second Edition
Edited by M. A. Quaddus and M. A.B. Siddique
The thoroughly revised second edition of this authoritative Handbook, complete with new chapters, comprehensively examines the current status and future directions of model-based systems in decision support and their application to sustainable development planning.
Reforming Paradoxes of Economic Development
Peter J. Hammer
This fascinating book examines the World Bank’s capacity for change, illustrating the influence of overlapping political, organizational and epistemic constraints. Through comprehensive historical and economic analysis, Peter J. Hammer illuminates the difficulties faced by recent attempts at reform and demonstrates the ways in which the training and socialization of Bank economists work to define the policy space available for meaningful change.
Past, Present and Future
Edited by D. S.P. Rao and Bart van Ark
World economic performance over the last 50 years has been spectacular. The postwar period has witnessed impressive growth rates in Western Europe and Japan, and in recent times China and India. This new book discusses these issues and tackles topical questions such as; what are the socio-economic and institutional factors that have contributed to this impressive performance? Will China and India continue to grow at the same rate over the next two decades? What are the prospects for Japan, the US and other advanced economies? The book brings together contributions by eminent scholars including the late Angus Maddison, Professors Justin Lin, Bob Gordon, Ross Garnaut, Bart van Ark and others to provide answers to these fascinating questions. The chapters analyse the economic performance of selected countries including China, India, Japan, Indonesia and the US, as well as Western Europe, Latin America and developing countries as a group. The time period of the study is from 1850 to the present and includes forecasts to 2030.
The Role of Structure and Demand
A. P. Thirlwall
This concise yet insightful sequel to the highly acclaimed The Nature of Economic Growth provides a comprehensive critique of both old and new growth theory, highlighting the importance of economic growth for reducing poverty.
Institutions, Growth and Imbalances
Lu Ming, Zhao Chen, Yongqin Wang, Yan Zhang, Yuan Zhang and Changyuan Luo
The authors identify three major factors in the growth of the Chinese economy: economic decentralization and political centralization; the urban–rural divide; and relational society. These are explored in depth via analyses of factors including urban and rural economic development and their political and social foundations, industrial agglomeration, transitions of public services and governmental responsibilities towards them and developmental imbalances and mechanisms. It is illustrated that whilst contemporary China has obviously made great economic strides, a wide variety of problems are accumulating over time. The book concludes that following three decades of high economic growth, China now faces great challenges for sustainable growth, and the institutions of China’s economy have reached a critical point. Strategies for dealing with these challenges and requirements for the successful future development of China are thus prescribed.
Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society
Frank R. Gunter
This groundbreaking volume offers a comprehensive look at the current state of Iraq’s political economy in the aftermath of the US-led overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003. Frank R. Gunter describes the unique difficulties facing the modern Iraqi economy and provides detailed recommendations for fostering future economic growth and stability.