In this challenging book, the authors demonstrate that economists tend to misunderstand capital. Frank Knight was an exception, as he argued that because all resources are more or less durable and have uncertain future uses they can consequently be classed as capital. Thus, capital rather than labor is the real source of creativity, innovation, and accumulation. But capital is also a phenomenon in time and in space. Offering a new and path-breaking theory, they show how durable capital with large spatial domains — infrastructural capital such as institutions, public knowledge, and networks — can help explain the long-term development of cities and nations.
This book presents an analysis of betterment and compensation issues under the Land Use Rights
(LURs) System in China since 1988. The topic originates from the observation of widening inequity
and increasing uncertainty associated with the failure of government to adequately address
betterment and compensation issues. An analytical framework of institutions and property rights is
employed to examine socio-economic impacts under the LURs system, in particular, the role of the
state is analyzed to explore the effects of government intervention in land markets.
Through comprehensive case studies of privately planned cities and neighbourhood in Asia, Europe and North America, this book characterizes the theoretical basis and empirical manifestations of private urban planning. In this innovative volume, Andersson and Moroni develop an understudied aspect of urban planning and re-evaluate conceptions of our urban future.