Browse by title

You are looking at 61 - 70 of 1,061 items :

  • Methodology of Economics x
Clear All
You do not have access to this content

Building an economics department

The Life and Work of Arthur (A.J.) Brown

Kenneth Button

This chapter focuses on Brown’s activities at Leeds University, especially regarding the Economics Department that he served and was head of for an extended period from the late 1940s to the mid-1960s. This is set in the more general context of the evolutionary changes that were taking place in English higher education at that time. It also outlines his views on the nature of an economics department and on the senior management of one.

You do not have access to this content

The development of an applied economist

The Life and Work of Arthur (A.J.) Brown

Kenneth Button

Brown’s early life and education is described, along with the socio-economic environment of the part of the UK he was brought up in. An account is offered of the economics education at Oxford University in the 1930s and the influence of Keynes on the way economics was treated. The chapter provides an outline of the courses taught in the philosophy, politics, and economics (PPE) degree and some of the individuals involved in that teaching.

You do not have access to this content

Domestic policy advisor

The Life and Work of Arthur (A.J.) Brown

Kenneth Button

This chapter looks at Brown’s role as an economic advisor on a range of UK domestic matters. It initially offers an overview of Brown’s own opinions regarding the official advisory role, and then looks at some of his other activities, which included serving on the Advisory Boards of both the new University of Kent and the University of Bradford, created from a former College of Advanced Technology. He also served for many years on the University Grants Committee that advised the Department of Education and Science on university financing. His appointment was linked to his earlier work on the Tress-Brown Index that provided the foundation for assessing university base costs.

You do not have access to this content

Early career and Keynesianism

The Life and Work of Arthur (A.J.) Brown

Kenneth Button

This chapter looks initially at the institutions and research groupings that were emerging in Oxford in the late 1930s, and the roles of key figures such as Roy Harrod, James Meade, and Jacob Marschak in shaping their direction, and especially that of A.J. Brown. It outlines Brown’s own contribution on liquidity preference in both his doctoral dissertation and subsequent early publications. It also looks at his time in the civil service during World War II, initial ties with Chatham House, and his extensive publication in the Bulletin of International News.

This content is available to you

Foreword by Henry Brown and William Brown

The Life and Work of Arthur (A.J.) Brown

Kenneth Button

You do not have access to this content

The “Phillips Curve” and inflation

The Life and Work of Arthur (A.J.) Brown

Kenneth Button

Brown’s Great Inflation, published in 1955, is a wide-ranging examination of inflation around the world post-World War II. In it, Brown produced what amounted to an early version of the Phillips Curve, which ties wage-rate changes to unemployment levels. This chapter provides an account of Brown’s analysis, set within the context of the economics of the time, the other economists who were involved in studying inflation, and regarding Phillips’s later paper and the work of Samuelson and Solow in the USA. It offers an account of Brown’s views on inflationary policies in a cost-push context.

You do not have access to this content

Regional economic policy and the Hunt Committee

The Life and Work of Arthur (A.J.) Brown

Kenneth Button

Brown was an important regional economist, publishing a major book on the subject (The Framework of Regional Economics in the United Kingdom), and served on the Hunt Committee that reported on the state of the UK regions. This chapter focuses on his approach to the subject and to matters such as: the inadequacy of disaggregate spatial data; the importance of retaining employment in depressed areas; the role of infrastructure in local economic development in the UK; and the comparison between the UK’s regional problems and those of other countries. In his work on the Hunt Committee, he specifically and quantitatively examines the UK’s Intermediate Regions—those that were likely to suffer economic downturns soon—and the types of policy that could stave off severe economic depression.

You do not have access to this content

The Value of Applied Economics

The Life and Work of Arthur (A.J.) Brown

Kenneth Button

This biography of the applied English economist Arthur (A.J.) Brown, an English economist from the late 1930s to the 1980s, sets his work in the context of the Great Depression, the emergence of Oxford University as a centre of applied economic research, the contraction of British colonialism in Africa, the enlarging of the UK university system, the post –war arms race, the UK joining the Common Market, and significant changes in the industrial structure of Britain.
This content is available to you

Edited by Thijs ten Raa

You do not have access to this content

José M. Rueda-Cantuche

It is not easy to transform the input and output tables "produced" by statistical offices into matrices of input-output coefficients. There are commodity-by-commodity and industry-by-industry input-output matrices and each of them can be constructed using different models. This chapter provides a unifying framework for all these alternatives and discusses the theoretical and practical pros and cons of the alternatives in a way that consolidates the vast literature. The chapter is authored by an expert who combines statistical office experience and academic contributions to the interface of input-output statistics and economic-environmental modeling.