Browse by title

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 131 items :

  • Development Economics x
  • Economics and Finance x
  • Agricultural Economics x
Clear All
You do not have access to this content

A History of the Global Economy

The Inevitable Accident

Colin White

Providing an exceptional overview and analysis of the global economy, from the origins of Homo sapiens to the present day, Colin White explores our past to help understand our economic future. He veers away from traditional Eurocentric approaches, providing a truly global scope for readers. The main themes include the creative innovativeness of humans and how this generates economic progression, the common economic pathway trodden by all societies, and the complementary relationship between government and the market.
This content is available to you

Colin White

This content is available to you

Raghbendra Jha and Raghav Gaiha

You do not have access to this content

Raghbendra Jha and Raghav Gaiha

Professor Jha and Professor Gaiha address important issues of food security in their wide-ranging selection of the most influential published contributions in this area of study. Their comprehensive, original Research Review discusses each article and places it within the context of twelve distinct themes, from which emerges a cogent view of the developing scholarly literature in this area and of the challenges that still remain.
You do not have access to this content

Raghbendra Jha and Raghav Gaiha

You do not have access to this content

Raghbendra Jha and Raghav Gaiha

You do not have access to this content

Xiangping Jia, Yamei Hu and George Hendrikse

In recent years, China’s government promoted the emergence of Farmer Professional Cooperatives (FPCs) and anticipated restructuring the production system of agriculture through larger-scale operations more like those in Europe or America. Notwithstanding the immense initiative, there is insufficient knowledge about how this changes the governance of farmer cooperatives at the local level. Based on a national survey conducted in 2009, this chapter shows that decision-making of production and marketing within FPCs in China is retained by individual farmers. However, the decision rights of farming are decomposed into input procurement, output marketing, and production. While the rights regarding production stay with family farms, the decision rights regarding input purchase and output marketing tend to be committed to FPCs. The governance structure of FPCs presents hybrid forms of both hierarchy and family farming. The study also finds that product attributes (such as perishability, marketing frequency, and branding), heterogeneity of the membership, and agribusiness policies affect the decision rights within the FPCs in China.

This content is available to you

Jos Bijman

This chapter argues that farmer collective action in developing countries is in a process of transformation. While traditional farmer organizations and cooperatives had social, political and economic functions, the new producer organizations (POs) are mainly focusing on improving the market access of their members. Providing market information, establishing quality control systems and improving logistics are some of the main functions of the new POs. As POs come in many kinds and sizes, the chapter first presents a typology, particularly distinguishing between market-oriented business organizations and other rural membership organizations. This chapter reviews the literature on the role of POs in vertical coordination, contracting and market access. Finally, it discusses the effects of the assumed transformation process on the inclusiveness of the organization, on the efficiency of the internal governance, and on strengthening member relations.

You do not have access to this content

Edited by Jos Bijman, Roldan Muradian and Jur Schuurman

Agricultural cooperatives and producer organizations are institutional innovations which have the potential to reduce poverty and improve food security. This book presents a raft of international case studies, from developing and transition countries, to analyse the internal and external challenges that these complex organizations face and the solutions that they have developed. The contributors provide a greater understanding of the transformation of traditional community organizations into modern farmer-owned businesses. They cover issues including: the impact on rural development and inclusiveness, the role of social capital, formal versus informal organizations, democratic participation and member relations, and their role in value chains.
You do not have access to this content

Markus Hanisch

Concepts of agricultural transformation promote market liberalization and commercialization of small farms as strategies for growth and poverty reduction. But small-farmer participation in globalizing agricultural markets is risky. In OECD countries, farmer collective action has managed to reduce some of the risks of participating in the market by forming powerful vertically integrated cooperative organizations. This chapter discusses key issues in the discussion on pro-poor agricultural development and identifies the position and functions of rural cooperatives for a concept of pro-poor agricultural transformation. Differentiating between types of farmer-based organizations, concepts of rural transformation, determinants for successful collective action and dimensions of poverty, the chapter seeks to conceptually contribute towards explaining why cooperatives are often presented as tools for poverty alleviation although the results of analysing their effectiveness in alleviating poverty are rather mixed. The chapter draws conclusions for future research on the subject and for drafting group-based development policies.