Edited by Dallen J. Timothy
Edited by Stephen F. McCool and Keith Bosak
The Essential Companion
Edited by Philip L. Pearce
Edited by Richard Sharpley and David Harrison
The chapter is concerned with the use of tourism as a developmental tool in urban economic (re)development strategies in Southern cities. The point of departure is that it has to be acknowledged that urban tourism in many Southern cities is largely invisible to the scholarly gaze. The existing scholarship tends to focus on ‘international’ and/or ‘overseas’ tourists, generally visiting from places in the Global North. The conceptualisation of urban tourism requires greater analytic depth to research beyond narrow views to be more attentive toregional and domestic tourists in Southern destinations and their role in urban (re)development. Related to this it is argued that such development strategies need to be clear in unpacking what urban tourism constitutes in various Southern contexts and who is targeted as a key beneficiary. Drawing on some examples it is argued that, once urban tourism is established as a key developmental strategy, path dependency can develop which can, if not clearly and carefully managed, lead to redevelopment outcomes that contradict other planning objectives in Southern cities andoften come at the expense of the urban poor.
Honggang Xu and Yuefang Wu
Tourism geographers are always under pressure to justify and explain the contributions of tourism studies to the geographic discipline. This chapter attempts to take a critical view to reflect this issue through the following points: 1) The application of the geography theories to address the tourism phenomenon itself is one contribution. The application of geographic theories in this field can show the relative advantage of geographic disciplines in analyzing and understanding emerging social issues. 2) Tourism geography is one sub-discipline within geography. Its growth would definitely lead to the growth of geography studies. 3) The theories developed to understand the complexityand uniqueness of the tourism phenomenon may not be necessary for other geographic phenomena which are much simpler and less sophisticated. 4) The identification of the complexityand uniqueness of the tourism phenomenon is important forfacilitating the acknowledgement of tourism geography’s contribution in geography knowledge. 5) To build adialogue with other sub-disciplines of geographies, tourism geographers need to address some common themes and publish outside tourism geography journals.
Big Data have beentrending in research among different disciplines, at least since 2015, even though there is no commonly agreed definition of what Big Data actually are. Most recent works suggest distinguishing Big Data and Small Data by the characteristics of exhaustive data sets versus sampled data sets and whetherthe data are slow (created at one or several points in time) or quick (created continuously). While Big Data offer unparalleled insights and new forms of knowledge creation, they often go with neo-positivist positions, neglecting theoretical approaches and considering data as objective and uninfluenced. Challenging these positions and developing theorybased, data-driven tourism geographies areseen in this chapteras important elements of a research agenda for Big Data in tourism geography in order for tourism geography scholars to make progress in terms of Big Data research.
Dimitri Ioannides and Kristina Zampoukos
In the neoliberal era we live in, a number of issues crop up, seriously hindering the pursuit of equity/social justice dimensions of sustainable development in numerous communities worldwide. Importantly, in many tourism-related sectors we notice an ever-increasing reliance on outsourced casual/part-time labour, much of it based on zero-hours contracts. Often we hear that workers demand a ‘living wage’, given that government-mandated minimum wage contracts – if they exist – do not reflect the reality of ever-increasing living costs encountered in places affected by tourism. This chaptercalls for a research agenda relating to the geographies of tourism work and workers. Specifically, this agenda draws inspiration fromthe work of Andrew Herod, who argues that workers are the authors of their own everyday geographies under capitalism, as well as the research conducted by Tufts, who specifically examines issues revolving around the geography of hotel workers. The chapter seeks to set an agenda to further strengthen our understanding of the everyday geographies of people who are classified as tourism workers. Issues addressed relate inter alia to the workers’ identity, geographic mobility (or immobility), and workers’coping strategies in negotiatinga highly uneven playing field in the working environment but also in terms of access to resources such as affordable housing. The chapteralso raises questions such as:In what manner do recent developments (e.g., the rise of the shared economy) impact the geography of tourism workers?