Chapter 1 Activism and social movements
Open access

The entry explains the interface between SSE, social movements and activism. It presents two perspectives. The first sees social movements as catalysts of SSE initiatives. SSE entities and ecosystems are often the results of various forms of social movements’ activism in different parts of the world. The second sees SSE as an emerging global movement within the broader alter-globalization movement. Significant parts of the overall SSE constellation can be described as a “converging” social movement (or “movement of movements”) with a plurality of views, that are in articulation with other social movements, not only to resist the harmful socio-environmental effects of the current economic model, but also demonstrate concrete alternatives through practice. Given the right political conditions and motivation of the actors concerned, these local-level experiments can be scaled up, or “mainstreamed” through enabling public policy changes. Advocacy, contestation, policy influence and the co-construction of policy via SSE intermediary organizations and their allies play an important role in this process. The entry introduces diverse examples of the relationship between SSE and activism and social movements at national and international levels.

  • Addor, Felipe, and Camilla Rolim Laricchia. 2018. 'Incubadoras Tecnol—gicas de Economia Solidária.‚Rio de Janeiro: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRG).

  • Curtis, Russell L., and Louis A. Zurcher. 1973. ‚'Stable Resources of Protest Movements: The Multi-Organizational Field' Social Forces 52 (1): 53.

  • CUT (Central √önica dos Trabalhadores). 1999. 'Sindicalismo e Economia Solidária - Reflexões Sobre o Projeto da CUT.'

  • Hataya, Noriko. 2017. 'Des Mouvements Promoteurs D'√âconomie Solidaire en Colombie et au Japon.' In Mouvements Sociaux et √âconomie Solidaire, edited by Jean Louis Laville, Elisabetta Bucolo, Geoffrey Pleyers and Jose Luis Coraggio, 163–80. Paris: Desclée De Brouwer.

  • James, Paul, and Paul van Seters. 2014. 'Global Social Movements and Global Civil Society.' In Globalization and Politics. 2: Global Social Movements and Global Civil Society, edited by Paul James, Nevzat Soguk, Paul van Seters and James H. Mittelman, vii‚Ä'xxx. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE.

  • Kawano, Emily. 2013. 'Social Solidarity Economy: Toward Convergence across Continental Divides.' UNRISD.

  • Laville, Jean-Louis, Elisabetta Bucolo, Geoffrey Pleyers and Jose Luis Coraggio, eds. 2017. Mouvements Sociaux et √âconomie Solidaire. Paris: DescleÃåe De Brouwer.

  • RIPESS (Inter-continental Network for the Promotion of Social Solidarity Economy). 2013. 'RIPESS Working Paper: Differences and Convergences in Social Solidarity Economy Concepts, Definitions and Frameworks.' RIPESS.

  • Savio, Roberto. 2019. 'Farewell to the World Social Forum?' Great Transition Initiative, 7 October.

  • Singer, Paul, and Valmor Schiochet. 2017. '√âconomie Solidaire et Parti des Travailleurs Au Brésil.' In Mouvements Sociaux et √âconomie Solidaire, edited by Jean Louis Laville, Elisabetta Bucolo, Geoffrey Pleyers and Jose Luis Coraggio, 355–63. Paris: Desclée De Brouwer.

  • Whitaker, Francisco. 2005. 'World Social Forum: Origins and Aims.' Transnational Institute, 6 June.

  • Zimmer, Magali, and Hyungsik Eum. 2017. 'L'√âmergence D'Initiatives Solidaires en France et en Corée du Sud.' In Mouvements Sociaux et √âconomie Solidaire, edited by Jean-Louis Laville, Elisabetta Bucolo, Jose Luis Coraggio and Geoffrey Pleyers, 181–97. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer.